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Virtual Chemistry Experiments

Hybrid Orbitals

Topic Concepts Experiment
Atomic Orbitals Isosurfaces of various atomic orbitals and some hybrid orbitals are displayed.  
Hybrid Orbitals The origin and significance of hybrid orbitals is explained and illustrated with electron density plots and energy diagrams.  
Geometry of Hybrid Orbitals The purpose of hybrid orbitals is explained. Small balls are arranged in a linear, trigonal planar, or tetrahedral geometry. Various hybrid orbitals may be displayed and oriented towards the balls. Only the proper hybridization scheme will provide a set of orbitals that can simultaneously be directed at all of the balls.

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Last updated Tuesday April 22 2014